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Crash Dummy Design and Development

UMTRI researchers have a long history of developing design and performance specifications for anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) based on the latest knowledge of anthropometry, human biomechanical response, injury mechanisms, and injury tolerance. They also have extensive experience in the development of prototype ATD components that comply with those specifications and the implementation of new instrumentation that can assess injury potential in motor-vehicle crashes. UMTRI researchers developed the anthropometric specifications for small female, mid-size male, and large male adult crash dummies, as well as the design specifications for advanced frontal impact dummies. They also developed the initial more humanlike prototypes for the shoulders, thorax, and spine of the THOR ATD. Most recently, UMTRI researchers have developed a new generation of a small female pregnant ATD (MAMA-2B), and they are working on design improvements to the Hybrid III family of pediatric ATDs to improve kinematics during interaction with different types and configurations of belt restraints.

Recent Publications

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A simulation study of spine biofidelity in the Hybrid-III 6-year-old ATD
Jun Wu, Libo Cao, Matthew P. Reed, Jingwen Hu.

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Vol. 14, no. 4 (2013), p. 397-404.

Objective: Because of the lack of pediatric biomechanical data, Hybrid-III (HIII) child anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs) are...

Development and validation of a modified Hybrid-III six-year-old dummy model for simulating submarining in motor-vehicle crashes
Jingwen Hu, Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Michael Kokkolaras, Jonathan D. Rupp.

journal article IN: Medical Engineering & Physics. Vol. 34, no. 5 (June 2012), p. 541-551.

In motor-vehicle crashes, young school-aged children restrained by vehicle seat belt systems often suffer from abdominal injuries due...

Development and validation of a parametric child anthropomorphic test device model representing 6-12-year-old children.
Jun Wu, Jingwen Hu, Matthew P. Reed, Kathleen D. Klinich, Libo Cao.

journal article IN: International Journal of Crashworthiness. Vol. 17, issue 6 (2012), p. 606-620.

Children from 6 to 12 year-old (YO) restrained in motor vehicles by seatbelts designed for adults often experience poor belt fit that...

Effect of realistic vehicle seats, cushion length, and lap belt geometry on child ATD kinematics
Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Sheila M. Ebert, Jonathan D. Rupp.

report UMTRI-2011-20

This series of sled tests examined the effect of using real vehicle seats on child ATD performance. Cushion length was varied from...

Evaluation of Hybrid-III 6YO ATD chest jacket shape and position
Sheila M. Ebert-Hamilton, Matthew P. Reed.

report UMTRI-2011-1

In previous work, belt fit on the Hybrid-III six-year-old (6YO) anthropomorphic test device (ATD) was found to depend on the...