Crash Occupant Modeling
UMTRI researchers have considerable expertise developing and using computational crash-victim-simulation models such as MADYMO to investigate occupant kinetics and kinematics in motor-vehicle crashes. These simulations are used to assess changes in crash dummy design and dynamic performance, to investigate the causes and mechanisms of different types of injuries, and to establish appropriate test conditions for biomechanical testing in the laboratory. LS-DYNA finite element analysis software is also used to study the effects of different occupant loading conditions on tissue stresses and strains. For example, UMTRI researchers developed a finite element model (FEM) of the six-month-old infant head to estimate infant head impact response and injury tolerance using reconstructions of real-world airbag-deployment infant head injury scenarios. Currently, it is being used to study the effects of lower-extremity muscle tension on the risk of knee-thigh-hip injuries in frontal crashes of airbag/knee-bolster equipped vehicles.
Recent PublicationsSEE MORE
Hu J, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CA, Narayanaswamy P, Reed MP, Andreen M, Neal M, Lin CH
journal article IN: Traffic Injury Prevention
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Federal regulations in the United States require vehicles to meet occupant performance requirements with unbelted...
Xiangnan Shi, Libo Cao, Matthew P. Reed, Jonathan D. Rupp, Carrie N. Hoff, Jingwen Hu
journal article IN: Journal of Biomechanics Volume 47, Issue 10, 18 July 2014, Pages 2277–2285
In this study, we developed a statistical rib cage geometry model accounting for variations by age, sex, stature and body mass index (...
Katelyn F. Klein, Jonathan D. Rupp, Jingwen Hu
conference paper IN: Injury Biomechanics Symposium, May 18-20, 2014, Columbus, Ohio
Older, obese, and female occupants have higher risk of serious lower-extremity injuries in frontal crashes. Optimizing vehicle...
Kathleen D. Klinich, Carl S. Miller, Jingwen Hu, Giseli M. Nazmi, Mark D. Pearlman, Lawrence W. Schneider, Jonathan D. Rupp.
journal article IN: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. Vol. 134, no. 3 (Mar. 2012), 034501.
Dynamic mechanical properties of placenta tissue are needed to develop computational models of pregnant occupants for use in designing...
Jingwen Hu, Kathleen D. Klinich, Carl S. Miller, Jonathan D. Rupp, Giseli Nazmi, Mark D. Pearlman, and Lawrence W. Schneider.
journal article IN: Annals of Biomedical Engineering. Vol. 39, no. 3 (2011), p. 1074-1083.
Placental abruption is the most common cause of fetal deaths in motor-vehicle crashes, but studies on the mechanical properties of...
Recent ProjectsSEE MORE
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Kathleen DeSantis Klinich, Miriam A. Manary, Matthew P. Reed
2013 to 2014
National Institute of Justice, Department of Justice
2013 to 2015