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Federal Crash Databases (FARS, NASS, LTCCS)

The federal government, through the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA), is currently involved with a number of major data collection efforts. Notable among these are the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and the National Automotive Sampling System (NASS). FARS provides police-reported information augmented by data gathered from other sources for the critically important fatal crash situation. The NASS program, which has been active since 1979, involves the statistical sampling of traffic crashes, and documents a considerable amount of vehicle information. In the current implementation, the collection program has been modified to yield the General Estimates System (GES), which collects information to provide a national sample of important crash measures, and the Crashworthiness Data System (CDS), which samples vehicle damage data.

Recent Publications

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Identification and validation of a logistic regression model for predicting serious injuries associated with motor vehicle crashes
Douglas W. Kononen, Carol A. C. Flannagan, Stewart C. Wang.

journal article IN: Accident Analysis and Prevention. Vol. 43, issue 1 (Jan. 2011), p. 112-122.

A multivariate logistic regression model, based upon National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) data...

Trucks involved in fatal accidents codebook 2008 (version January 21, 2011)
Linda Jarossi, Daniel Hershberger, Leslie Pettis, John Woodrooffe.

report UMTRI-2011-5
IN: Sponsored by: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

This report provides documentation for UMTRI-s file of Trucks Involved in Fatal Accidents (TIFA), 2008, including distributions of the...

Appropriate analysis of CIREN data using NASS-CDS to reduce bias in estimation of injury risk factors in passenger vehicle crashes.
Michael R. Elliott, Alexa Resler, Carol A. Flannagan, Jonathan D. Rupp.

journal article IN: Accident Analysis and Prevention. Vol. 42, issue 2 (Mar. 2010), p. 530-539.

The Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) database contains detailed medical and crash information on a large number of...

Condition of trucks and truck crash involvement evidence from the large truck crash causation study.
Daniel Blower, Paul E. Green, Anne Matteson.

journal article IN: Transportation Research Record. Vol. 2194 (2010), p. 21-28.

This study, using the Large Truck Crash Causation Study (LTCCS), examined the relationship between the mechanical condition of heavy...

Drivers on unfamiliar roads and traffic crashes
Michael Sivak, Brandon Schoettle.

report UMTRI-2010-31

This study was designed to investigate whether there is an increased risk of traffic crashes in the U.S. for out-of-state drivers-those...