Research in Impact Biomechanics uses laboratory experiments with human surrogates and volunteers to study the mechanical response of the human body to dynamic loading and to study the mechanisms and tolerances of the different body regions to injury. The results are used to develop new injury criteria and injury assessment tools that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of new restraint technologies and design countermeasures. Injury assessment tools include improved anthropomorphic test devices (crash dummies), test procedures, and computer models that simulate occupant kinematics and dynamics. Impact biomechanics research at UMTRI also involves testing with ATDs to develop improved test procedures for evaluating occupant protection for the specialized populations of children and occupants who are seated in wheelchairs while traveling.
Recent PublicationsSEE MORE
Jingwen Hu, Kurt Fischer, Paul Lange, Angelo Adler
conference paper IN: SAE technical paper series, paper number 2015-01-1453
In this study, two sled series were conducted with a sled buck representing a compact vehicle. The first series of tests focused on the...
Shucai Xu, Xinghua Lai, Chunsheng Ma, Jinhuan Zhang, Jingwen Hu
journal article IN: Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 543-547 (Mar. 2014), pages 354-357
The influence of vehicle deformation on the risks of head injury for the drivers involved in frontal crashes is studied using real...
Lauren K. Wood, Carl S. Miller, Nathaniel H. Madura, Matthew P. Reed, Lawrence P. Schneider, Kathleen D. Klinich, Jonathan D. Rupp
conference paper IN: Stapp car crash journal. Vol. 58 (Nov. 2014), pages 423-463
Jonathan D. Rupp, Carol A.C. Flannagan, Andrew J. Leslie, Carrie N. Hoff, Matthew P. Reed, Rebecca M. Cunningham.
journal article IN: Obesity. Vol. 21, no. 1 (Jan. 2013), p. E88-E97.
Objective: Determine the effects of BMI on the risk of serious-to-fatal injury (Abbreviated Injury Scale greater than or equal to 3 or...
Carl S. Miller, Nathaniel H. Madura, Lawrence W. Schneider, Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Jonathan D. Rupp
conference paper 2013-15
IN: Stapp car crash journal. Vol. 57 (Nov. 2013), p. 387-425
Recent ProjectsSEE MORE
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
2013 to 2014
John Paul Stapp Association
Lawrence W. Schneider
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Matthew P. Reed
2012 to 2013
Britax Child Safety, Inc