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Occupant Protection Systems

UMTRI researchers have experience assessing the effectiveness and injury potential of occupant protection systems using dynamic sled testing, laboratory impactors, and component-level testing using crash test dummies, human surrogates, and custom-made test equipment.

Recent Publications

Does Unbelted Safety Requirement Affect Protection For Belted Occupants?
Hu J, Klinich KD, Manary MA, Flannagan CA, Narayanaswamy P, Reed MP, Andreen M, Neal M, Lin CH

journal article IN: Traffic Injury Prevention

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Federal regulations in the United States require vehicles to meet occupant performance requirements with unbelted...

Effects of crash pulse, impact angle, occupant size, front seat location, and restraint system on rear seat occupant protection
Jingwen Hu, Kurt Fischer, Paul Lange, Angelo Adler 

conference paper IN: SAE technical paper series,  paper number 2015-01-1453

In this study, two sled series were conducted with a sled buck representing a compact vehicle. The first series of tests focused on the...

Assessing the restraint performance of vehicle seats and belt geometry optimized for older children
Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Jingwen Hu, Jonathan D. Rupp

report UMTRI-2012-4

In a previous study, a computational model of child occupants 6 to 10 years old (YO) was validated using data from a sled test series...

Factors affecting tether use and misuse
Kathleen D. Klinich, Nichole R. Orton, Carol A. C. Flannagan, Miriam A. Manary, Laura A. Malik, Prabha Narayanaswamy

report UMTRI-2014-7

This project investigated factors relating to tether use and misuse. Volunteer testing was performed with 37 subjects on 16 different...

Kinematics of pediatric crash dummies seated on vehicle seats with realistic belt geometry
Kathleen D. Klinich, Matthew P. Reed, Sheila M. Ebert, Jonathan D. Rupp

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Volume 15, issue 8 (2014), pages 866-874. 

A series of sled tests was performed using vehicle seats and Hybrid-III 6-year-old (6YO) and 10YO anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs)...