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Occupant Restraint System Use

UMTRI researchers develop methods for surveying the use and misuse of occupant protection systems such as safety belts and child safety seats. They track trends in state occupant protection use, develop and evaluate occupant protection systems and programs, and provide technical support to communities.

Recent Publications

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Potential mechanisms underlying the decision to use a seat belt :  a literature review 
Matthew Jans, Meghann Aremia, Benjamin Killmer, Laith Alaittar, Lisa J. Molnar, David W. Eby

report UMTRI-2015-5 

The purpose of this literature review was to serve as the background knowledgebase for a 5 - year cooperative agreement between NHTSA...

Modeling the impact of rescinding Michigan’s primary and secondary seatbelt laws on death and injury from passenger vehicle crashes
Patrick M. Carter, Carol A. C. Flannagan, C. Raymond Bingham, Rebecca M. Cunningham, Jonathan D. Rupp

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Vol. 15, no. 7 (2014), p. 701-705.

Seatbelts are the most effective method of decreasing fatal and non-fatal motor vehicle crash injury. Advocacy groups have recently...

Modeling the impact of rescinding Michigan’s primary and secondary seatbelt laws on death and injury from passenger vehicle crashes
Patrick M. Carter, Carol A. C. Flannagan, C. Raymond Bingham, Rebecca M. Cunningham, Jonathan D. Rupp

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Vol. 15, no. 7 (2014), p. 701-705.

Seatbelts are the most effective method of decreasing fatal and non-fatal motor vehicle crash injury. Advocacy groups have recently...

Estimation of seatbelt and frontal-airbag effectiveness in trucks: U.S. and Chinese perspectives.
Jingwen Hu, Daniel Fredrick Blower.

report UMTRI-2013-2

The objectives of this study were (1) to estimate the effectiveness of seatbelts and driver airbags for mitigating medium- and heavy-...

Effects of obesity on seat belt fit
Matthew P. Reed, Sheila M. Ebert-Hamilton, Jonathan D. Rupp.

journal article UMTRI-2011-27
IN: Traffic Injury Prevention. Vol. 13, no. 4 (2012), p. 364-372.

Introduction: Obesity has been shown to increase the risks of some types of injury in crashes. One way in which obesity may increase...