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Statewide Safety Belt Use

UMTRI researchers have developed complex survey designs to determine the safety belt use rates of motorists on a Michigan-wide level. These surveys have evaluated how safety belt use is influenced by several demographic and environmental characteristics including age, sex, race, vehicle type, cellular phone use, time of day, day of week, and weather conditions. Results from these surveys have been used to evaluate the effectiveness of statewide programs designed to increase safety belt use.

Recent Publications

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Modeling the impact of rescinding Michigan’s primary and secondary seatbelt laws on death and injury from passenger vehicle crashes
Patrick M. Carter, Carol A. C. Flannagan, C. Raymond Bingham, Rebecca M. Cunningham, Jonathan D. Rupp

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Vol. 15, no. 7 (2014), p. 701-705.

Seatbelts are the most effective method of decreasing fatal and non-fatal motor vehicle crash injury. Advocacy groups have recently...

Modeling the impact of rescinding Michigan’s primary and secondary seatbelt laws on death and injury from passenger vehicle crashes
Patrick M. Carter, Carol A. C. Flannagan, C. Raymond Bingham, Rebecca M. Cunningham, Jonathan D. Rupp

journal article IN: Traffic injury prevention. Vol. 15, no. 7 (2014), p. 701-705.

Seatbelts are the most effective method of decreasing fatal and non-fatal motor vehicle crash injury. Advocacy groups have recently...

Explaining state-to-state differences in seat belt use a multivariate analysis of cultural variables.
Lisa J. Molnar, David W. Eby, Kohinoor Dasgupta, Yang Yang, Vijayan N. Nair, Stephen M. Pollock.

journal article IN: Accident Analysis and Prevention. Vol. 47 (July 2012), p. 78-86.

There is considerable variation in seat belt use within the United States despite extensive evidence that the use of seat belts saves...

Documenting how states recently upgraded to primary seat belt laws
Renee M. St. Louis, Betty J. Mercer, David W. Eby

report DTNH22-07-D-00052

States with primary seat belt enforcement laws consistently have higher observed daytime belt use rates than secondary law States....

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