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Wheelchair-Seated Occupants

UMTRI has been involved in wheelchair-occupant safety research for more than thirty years and Biosciences researchers and test engineers have been active in leading the development of wheelchair transportation safety (WTS) standards worldwide since 1985. UMTRI’s Biosciences Group conducts sled-impact tests of wheelchairs, wheelchair seating systems, and wheelchair tiedowns and occupant-restraint systems (WTORS) to evaluate their frontal-impact performance relative to crashworthiness criteria in the latest U.S. and international industry standards.

Several projects dealing with Wheelchair Transportation Safety have resulted in materials that can be used for outreach and education. TravelSafer.org provides guidance on traveling safely by motor vehicle for occupants who use wheelchairs.  A companion brochure (with several language options) can be downloaded below.

RideSafeBrochure_English.pdf

RideSafeBrochure_Spanish.pdf

RideSafeBrochure_French.pdf

Additional Resources

UMTRI's Wheelchair Transportation Safety site is a resource with information regarding wheelchair transportation safety and related industry standards, as well as a list of successfully crash tested wheelchairs, securement systems and seating systems.

The UMTRI Wheelchair Testing brochure describes wheelchair testing services at UMTRI.

Request a quote for testing by filling out this form

Recent Publications

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RESNA's position on wheelchairs used as seats in motor vehicles
Mary Ellen Buning, Gina Bertocci, Lawrence W. Schneider, Miriam Manary, Patricia Karg, Dalthea Brown, Sue Johnson.

journal article IN: Assistive Technology. Vol. 24, no. 2 (2012), p. 132-141.

This position paper is based on the premise that those who ride seated in wheelchairs are entitled to equivalent occupant safety when...

Applying basic principles of child passenger safety to improving transportation safety for children who travel while seated in wheelchairs
Miriam A. Manary, Lawrence W. Schneider.

journal article IN: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine. Vol. 4 (2011), p. 241-250.

Guidelines for the use of wheelchair postural support devices during travel in motor vehicles / Patricia Karg ... [et al.].
Patricia Karg, Bette Cotzin, Miriam Manary, Susan I. Fuhrman.

journal article IN: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine. Vol. 4 (2011), p. 251-257.

WC19 A wheelchair transportation safety standard-Experience to date and future directions.
Miriam A. Manary, Nichole L. Ritchie, Lawrence W. Schneider.

journal article IN: Medical Engineering & Physics. Vol. 32, issue 3 (Apr. 2010), p. 263-271.

ANSI/RESNA WC19 (i.e., WC19) is a voluntary standard that specifies design and performance requirements for wheelchairs that are...

WC19 A wheelchair transportation safety standard: experience to date and future directions.
Miriam A. Manary, Nichole L. Ritchie, Lawrence W. Schneider.

journal article IN: Medical Engineering & Physics. Vol. 32, issue 3 (Apr. 2010), p. 263-271.

ANSI/RESNA WC19 (i.e., WC19) is a voluntary standard that specifies design and performance requirements for wheelchairs that are...