Home Home Home

An analysis of parking search behavior using video from naturalistic driving

In: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies of Engineering, January 2015.

Authors: Robert C. Hampshire, Daniel Jordon, Opeyemi Akinbola, Keanu Richardson, Rachel Weinberger, Adam Millard-Ball, Joshua Karlin-Resnick

The number of cars searching for parking, also known as cruising, is a risk factor linked to increased pollution and congestion, and decreased road safety. While the detrimental effects of cruising are known, the actual amount of cruising is unknown. The authors show that a novel video data set of naturalistic driving provides reliable estimates of cruising behavior. They characterize the distribution of search start times, search distances and search times. They also report on cruising behavior variation amongst 109 different drivers in the study located in Southeast Michigan. They find that 30 percent of the drivers generate more than 70 percent of the meters cruised. This finding suggests that the search strategies of few drivers disproportionately impact the many. These results facilitate the estimation of the number of vehicles searching for parking and the amount of pollution generated by cruising drivers. Researchers may also use these results to develop more realistic models of parking search and parking interventions. The authors' results based on video data have implications in setting where video data are not available. The results from this study can serve as input to a model that classifies GPS traces as cruising or not cruising

Research Group: