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Multiple ergonomic interventions and transportation safety

In: Ergonomics, Vol. 28, No. 8, Aug. 1985, p. 1143-1153

Authors: Michael Sivak

This article discusses arguments and research evidence concerning multiple ergonomic approaches to problems of transportation safety. Transportation accidents ( and their consequences) are the result of multifactor processes. Therefore, the probability of an- accident ( and of an injury, given an accident) can be influenced by interventions directed at any of the factors. Furthermore, the most effective accident countermeasures are not necessarily those directed at the ‘ cause’ of accidents. As examples, multiple ergonomic countermeasures are noted for road accidents involving alcohol-intoxicated drivers and elderly drivers, as well as for minimizing injuries resulting from road accidents.