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Rear seat restraint system optimization for older children in frontal crashes
Objective: Analyses of crash injury data have shown that injury risk increases when children transition from belt-positioning boosters to the vehicle seat belt alone. The objective of this study is to investigate how to improve the restraint environment for these children. Methods: A parametric...
The effect of the learner license Graduated Driver Licensing components on teen drivers’ crashes
Background: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) have focused on the overall system. Studies examining individual components have rarely accounted for the confounding of multiple, simultaneously implemented components. The purpose of this paper is to...
The view from the road : the contribution of on-road glance-monitoring technologies to understanding driver behavior
Using glance-monitoring technologies for on-road studies is an excellent way to investigate driver behaviors in an ecologically valid setting. Recent advances in glance-monitoring technologies have made it possible to conduct on-road studies of drivers’ glance behavior that heretofore were simply...
In their own words: adolescents strategies to prevent friends' risk-taking.
Injury is a significant public health problem among youth. A primary cause of adolescent injury is risk-taking behavior, including alcohol use, interpersonal violence and road-related risks. A novel approach to prevention is building on friendships by encouraging adolescents to intervene into their...
The nature and correlates of young women's peer-directed protective behavioral strategies
Recently, a number of studies have identified self-employed Protective Behavioral Strategies (PBS) as effective in decreasing the level of alcohol-related harm among young people. However, much of the published research has ignored important gender differences, such as women's increased...
Optimizing truck cab layout for driver accommodation
One important source of variability in the performance and success of products designed for use by people is the people themselves. In many cases, the acceptability of the design is affected more by the variability in the human users than by the variability attributable to the hardware from which...
Patients' and health care providers' knowledge of wheelchair transportation issues
The objective of this study was to determine the level of knowledge about wheelchair transportation safety practices among wheelchair users (WCUs) and caregivers, therapists, physicians, and other professionals (CTPs). Two 10-question surveys were designed. One was administered to a convenience...
Comparing the effects of age, BMI and gender on severe injury (AIS 3+) in motor-vehicle crashes
The effects of age, body mass index (BMI) and gender on motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries are not well understood and current prevention efforts do not effectively address variability in occupant characteristics.
Test-retest reliability, internal item consistency, and concurrent validity of the wheelchair seating discomfort assessment tool
Discomfort is a common problem for wheelchair users. Few researchers have investigated discomfort among wheelchair users or potential solutions for this problem. One of the impediments to quantitative research on wheelchair seating discomfort has been the lack of a reliable method for quantifying...

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