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Postural behaviors during one-hand force exertions
Posture and external loads such as hand forces have a dominant effect on ergonomic analysis outcomes. Yet, current digital human modeling tools used for proactive ergonomics analysis lack validated models for predicting postures for standing hand-force exertions. To address this need, the effects...
Time-to-collision judgments under realistic driving conditions
Objective: This study examined perceived time to collision (TTC) with automobile drivers under realistic approach, rear-end crash scenario conditions. Background: TTC refers to the time before impact if prevailing conditions continue. Method: In this test track study involving 51 drivers ranging...
Evaluation of proposed protocols for assessing vehicle LATCH system usability
This project assessed current or proposed protocols for improving the usability of LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children). LATCH hardware in the left second-row position of 98 2011 or 2010 model-year vehicles was evaluated using ISO and SAE LATCH usability rating guidelines. Child restraint...
Responsiveness of the TAWC tool for assessing wheelchair discomfort
Purpose . The purpose of this research was to determine the clinical usefulness of the Tool for Assessing Wheelchair disComfort (TAWC) by examining floor and ceiling effects and responsiveness when used with two groups of wheelchair users – one known to have experienced real changes in discomfort...
The effect of the learner license Graduated Driver Licensing components on teen drivers’ crashes
Background: Most studies evaluating the effectiveness of Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) have focused on the overall system. Studies examining individual components have rarely accounted for the confounding of multiple, simultaneously implemented components. The purpose of this paper is to...
Older adults' driving reduction and cessation : perspectives of adult children
Purpose of the Study: Adult children are often directly affected by aging parents' decision to limit or stop driving. This qualitative study examined the process of driving reduction and cessation (DRC) from the perspective of adult children, with a focus on family communication. Design and...
Reduction of backing crashes by production rear vision camera systems
Today’s automotive Rear Vision Camera (RVC) systems display an image to the driver of an area behind the vehicle generated by a camera located in the rear of the vehicle. This paper examined if, and to what extent, these systems offered on a wide variety of production vehicles are addressing...
 Injury prevention among friends :  the benefits of school connectedness
Unsafe road behaviors, violence and alcohol use, are primary contributors to adolescent injury. Research suggests that adolescents look out for their friends and engage in protective behavior to reduce others' risk-taking and that school connectedness is associated with reduced injury-risks....

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