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Societal costs of traffic crashes and crime in Michigan 2011 update.
Cost estimates, including both monetary and nonmonetary quality-of-life costs specific to Michigan, were estimated for overall traffic crashes and index crimes by experts in the field of economics of traffic crashes and crimes. These cost estimates were applied to 2009 Michigan traffic crash and...
Improving traffic safety : conceptual considerations for successful action.
In the early stages of motorization, it did not take rigorous scientific research to achieve major improvements in traffic safety. Instead, early traffic-safety countermeasures were often based exclusively on common sense. Since then, scientific research has gradually increased in importance as the...
Improving traffic safety conceptual considerations for successful action.
Introduction: In the early stages of motorization, it did not take rigorous scientific research to achieve major improvements in traffic safety. Instead, early traffic-safety countermeasures were often based exclusively on common sense. Since then, scientific research has gradually increased in...
Driver safety programs the influence on the road performance of older drivers.
The goal of this study is to examine whether driver safety programs (DSPs) targeted toward older drivers can positively influence their behavior at intersections of rural expressways. Thirty-five older drivers participated in this study; 18 had attended a DSP, and 17 had not attended one. All...
Efficacy of a brief group parent-teen intervention in driver education to reduce teenage driver injury risk a pilot study.
The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of an adapted Checkpoints Program designed to increase parental limits on novice teen independent driving under high-risk conditions. Twenty-seven class sessions with a minimum of 5 dyads each were delivered in driver education to 231 parent-teen...
An evaluation of graduated driver licensing programs in North America an analysis of relative fatality risks of 16, 17, 18 and 19 year old drivers using a meta-analytic approach.
Most jurisdictions in North America have some version of graduated driver licensing (GDL). GDL programs attempt to provide a more protective environment for novice drivers, typically by lengthening the learning process and imposing a set of restrictions aimed at reducing their risk of collision. To...
An evaluation of graduated driver licensing programs in North America using a meta-analytic approach
Most jurisdictions in North America have some version of graduated driver licensing (GDL). A sound body of evidence documenting the effectiveness of GDL programs in reducing collisions, fatalities and injuries among novice drivers is available. However, information about the relative importance of...
Graduated driver licensing for new drivers: Effects of three states' policies on crash rates among teenagers.
Background: Evidence is mixed on the effects of graduated driver licensing (GDL) on motor vehicle crashes involving drivers aged 18 years. Purpose: This study examined the effects of GDL on crashes involving drivers aged 18 years in three states: Maryland, where GDL applies to novice drivers of all...
Five road safety education programmes for young adolescents: a multi-programme evaluation in field settings
A practical approach was developed to assess and compare the effects of five short road safety education (RSE) programmes for young adolescents that does not rely on injury or crash data but uses self reported behaviour. Questionnaires were administered just before and about one month after...

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