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The effect of bracing availability on force-exertion capability in one-hand isometric pulling tasks
In activities of daily living and industrial tasks people encounter obstructions in their environment that kinematically limit the postures that they can achieve. These obstructions can also provide an opportunity for additional support such as bracing with the hand, thigh or other body part. The...
An injury risk curve for the hip for use in frontal impact crash testing
To facilitate the assessment of hip injury risk in frontal motor-vehicle crashes, an injury risk curve that relates peak force transmitted to the hip to the probability of hip fracture was developed by using survival analysis to fit a lognormal distribution to a recently published dataset of hip...
Computational investigation of the effects of driver and vehicle interior factors on the risk of knee-thigh-hip injureis in frontal crashes
The effects of seatbelt use, muscle tension, lower-extremity posture, driver fore-aft seat position, seat height, and seat angle on the likelihood of knee, thigh, and hip (KTH) injuries during knee-to-knee-bolster impacts in frontal crashes were studied using a finite element (FE) human model. A...
PMHS impact response in low and high-speed nearside impacts
Lateral impact tests were performed using seven male post-mortem human subjects (whole, unembalmed cadavers) to further characterize the response of the body, and in particular the force-deflection response of the lower abdomen, to lateral impact. All tests were performed using a dual-sled, side-...
BioTab a new method for analyzing and documenting injury causation in motor-vehicle crashes.
Objective: To describe a new method for analyzing and documenting the causes of injuries in motor vehicle crashes that has been implemented since 2005 in cases investigated by the Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN). Methods: The new method, called BioTab, documents injury causation...
Comparison of WorldSID and cadaver responses in low-speed and high-speed nearside impact
A series of lateral impact tests was performed in which the WorldSID midsize-male crash-test dummy was struck with a segmented padded impactor that separately loaded the thorax, abdomen, iliac wing, greater trochanter, and mid thigh. Tests were conducted using 8 m/s and 3 m/s initial impact...
Development, validation, and application of a parametric pediatric head finite element model for impact simulations
In this study, a statistical model of cranium geometry for 0- to 3-month-old children was developed by analyzing 11 CT scans using a combination of principal component analysis and multivariate regression analysis. Radial basis function was used to morph the geometry of a baseline child head finite...
A study of the vehicle structure crashworthiness in dolly and curb-trip rollover tests
Rollover crashes can be the most dangerous vehicular crashes among all crash types which have a higher fatality rate than other kinds of crashes. The orthogonal design was adopted to evaluate structure parameters how to affect the vehicle rollover crashworthiness in dolly and curb-trip tests. It is...

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