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A simulator evaluation of the effects of attention maintenance training on glance distributions of younger novice drivers inside and outside the vehicle.
Driver distraction inside and outside the vehicle is increasingly a problem, especially for younger drivers. In many cases the distraction is associated with long glances away from the forward roadway. Such glances have been shown to be highly predictive of crashes. Ideally, one would like to...
Experimental effects of injunctive norms on simulated risky driving among teenage males
Teenage passengers affect teenage driving performance, possibly by social influence. To examine the effect of social norms on driving behavior, male teenagers were randomly assigned to drive in a simulator with a peer-aged confederate to whom participants were primed to attribute either risk-...
Current knowledge on adolescent driver distraction
Motor vehicle collisions (crashes) are the leading cause of death to adolescents and are a major contributor to nonfatal injuries. There are many contributors to crash-related morbidity and mortality of adolescents, such as inexperience and lack of skills, immaturity, and distraction. Driver...
Driver distraction: A perennial but preventable public health threat to adolescents
Although public health efforts have made some progress in reducing risk of adolescent motor vehicle crashes over the last three decades, new technologies and evolving behavior patterns have focused attention on the risk of distracted driving. For many of the same reasons that alcohol-impaired...
Keep your eyes on the road: Young driver crash risk increases according to duration of distraction
Secondary task engagement that distracts the driver is a contributing factor to motor vehicle crashes among adults. However, the association between eye glance duration and crash risk with novice teenage drivers has not been determined. Methods: Vehicles of 42 newly licensed teenage drivers were...
Neural responses to exclusion predict susceptibility to social influence
Social influence is prominent across the lifespan, but sensitivity to influence is especially high during adolescence and is often associated with increased risk taking. Such risk taking can have dire consequences. For example, in American adolescents, traffic-related crashes are leading causes of...
Peer passenger influences on male adolescent drivers’ visual scanning behavior during simulated driving
There is a higher likelihood of crashes and fatalities when an adolescent drives with peer passengers, especially for male drivers and male passengers. Simulated driving of male adolescent drivers with male peer passengers was studied to examine passenger influences on distraction and inattention....
Potential distractions and unsafe driving behaviors among drivers of 1- to 12-year-old children
Driver distraction has been identified as a threat to individual drivers and public health. Motor vehicle collisions remain a leading cause of death for children, yet little is known about distractions among drivers of children. This study sought to characterize potential distractions among drivers...
The impact of Michigan's text messaging restriction on motor vehicle crashes
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Michigan's universal text messaging restriction (effective July 2010) across different age groups of drivers and crash severities. Methods: Changes in monthly crash rates and crash trends per 10,000 licensed drivers aged 16, 17, 18, 19...
Social norms and risk perception: Predictors of distracted driving behavior among novice adolescent drivers
Adolescent drivers are at elevated crash risk due to distracted driving behavior (DDB). Understanding parental and peer influences on adolescent DDB may aid future efforts to decrease crash risk. We examined the influence of risk perception, sensation seeking, as well as descriptive and injunctive...

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